In 1990 the archaeological team from the University of Science Malaysia found human skeleton fossil along with numerous of artifacts in Gunung Runtuh cave located around limestone hill, so-called Bukit Kepala Gajah, Lenggong district, Perak (Malaysia). This find, later it was named Perak man (manusia dari Perak), is a male individual, his age at death around 40-45 years old, his stature is 154-160 cm and he suffered a genetic malformation known as brachy-mesophalangia.
At the surrounding his skeleton was found many artifacts such as riverine shells (formed the bulk of the finds), stone tools, and animal bones and earthenware. By this stone tools indicated that Perak man lived in the context of Hoa Bin Hian culture which it is identical to Mesolithic culture. But in Malaysia (e.g., in Lenggong) this culture is considered to exist earlier. Therefore, Zuraina Majid (1994) prefer to use Epi-Paleolithic for Perak man’s culture. Meanwhile, by radiocarbon date measurement on the shell considered that Perak man lived in early Holocene about 10,000 years ago. Outside of Malaysia this Perak man might be contemporaneous with Kow Swamp from Australia dated between 9300-14,000 years ago.
Perak man cranium is long and narrow, his frontal bone is receding, well-developed superciliary arche, frontal sinus is large, his mastoid process is large.
Comparison with another prehistoric to modern samples from Southeast Asia and Australia demonstrated that Perak man closest affinity to the Australian aborigine in the dental and cranial aspect. Therefore, Perak man and other prehistoric samples from Southeast Asia such as early Hoa Bin Hian from Vietnam, Mesolithic Malay (e.g., Gua Cha), Liang Momer and Liang Toge from Flores are regarded as people originated in the Late Pleistocene Southeast Asia and they are also considered as the ancestors of modern Australian aboriginal people. If morphological trait of early Southeast Asian and modern Australian aborigines (but they are less robust than early human from Austral-Asia) are considered, they also show a generalized (primitive) or robust morphology of H.sapiens.
Arif, J. 2005.Contribution of human fossils from Asia and Southeast Asia for the examination of human history in Southeast Asia. SEASREP Anniversary Conference, Chiang Mai, Thailand, December 7-9, 2005.
^^ Perak man